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2017年职称英语考试(卫生类C级)试题及答案

第一部分

词汇(共20小题,每小题1分,共20分)

下面共有20个句子,每小题后面有四个选项。其中1-10题的每个句子中有一处空白,请从四个选项中选择一个正确答案填入句子的空白处;11-20题的每个句子中均有一个词或词组划有底横线,请从四个选项中选择一个与划线部分意义相近的词或词组代替或解释句中的划线部分。答案一律写在试卷相应的位置上。

1. The ______________ manager will have an interview with some job applicants next week.

A. personal B. personnel C. permission D. staff

2. Being extremely ______________ to the cold, I do not like skiing.

A. insensitive B. sensible C. senseless D. sensitive

3. If you want to telephone him, you will have to _____________ the number.

A. look at B. look through C. look to D. look up

4. He looked for a table to sit down at, but they were all _______________.

A. used up B. engaged C. filled in D. occupied

5. After the campaign a special medal was ______________ to all combatants.

A. gained B. awarded C. deserved D. donated

6. It's much more ________________ to buy a season ticket if you travel every day.

A. cheap B. economical C. economic D. saving

7. He spoke so quickly that I didn't ______________ what he said.

A. catch B. receive C. listen D. accept

8. You are not quite _____________ when you call a computer an electronic brain.

A. right B. correct C. exact D. accurate

9. This young tree could not have been damaged by accident; I believe it was done _______________.

A. in fact B. on purpose C. by plan D. by appointment

10. Your library card _____________ next month, you'll have to get a new one if you want to borrow more books.

A. discloses B. closes C. expires D. surpasses

11. His success in work has tempted many to try this new method.

A. attracted B. called C. inspired D. implied

12. She was an unlikely candidate for the position.

A. improbable B. unpopular C. unqualified D. dishonest

13. Peter is experiencing a difficult period in his life.

A. going into B. going out of C. going over D. going through

14. John was reluctant to come.

A. glad to come B. unable to come C. hesitant about coming D. planning to come

15. I suppose he will give it to you eventually.

A. in a way B. in due course C. in the end D. in any case

16. He made a great show of reluctance, but finally accepted my offer.

A. emotion B. unwillingness C. anger D. postpone

17. Don't get upset about trivial matters.

A. unexpected B. unusual C. unimportant D. uncertain

18. I like George; he is so down-to-earth.

A. practical B. friendly C. amusing D. honest

19. He certainly made profitable use of the lesson he had learnt.

A. expensive B. clear C. precious D. valuable

20. My life is more precious to me than my property.

A. valuable B. profitable C. dear D. noble

第二部分

阅读理解(共25题,每小题2分,共50分)

下面有五篇短文,每篇短文后有5个问题,每个问题都有四个备选答案。请仔细阅读短文并根据短文回答其后面的问题,从四个备选答案中选择一个最佳答案。答案一律写在试卷相应的位置上。

第一篇

Food and Health

The food we eat seems to have profound effects on our health. Although science has made enormous steps in making many food more fit to eat, it has, at the same time, made many foods unfit to eat. Some research h as shown that perhaps eighty percent of all human illness are related to diet an d forty percent of cancer is related to the diet as well, especially cancer of t he colon. Different cultures are more prone to contract certain illness because of the food that is characteristic in these cultures. That food is related to illness is not a new discovery. In 1945, government researches realized that nitrate s and nitrites, commonly used to preserve color in meats, and other food additives caused cancer. Yet, these carcinogenic additives (有致癌作用的添加剂) remain in our food, and it becomes more difficult all the time to know which things on the packaging lakes of processed food are helpful or harmful. The additives which we eat are not all so direct. Farmers often give penicillin to beef and poultry and because of this, penicillin has been found in the milk of treated cows . Some times similar drugs are administered to animals not for medicinal purposes but for financial reasons. The farmers are simply trying to fatten the animals in order to obtain a higher price on the market. Although the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has tried repeatedly to control these procedures, the practices continues.

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