Test For English Majors (2010) -grade Eight
Part I Listening Comprehension (35 Min)
Section A Mini-lecture
In this section you will hear a mini-lecture. You will hear the lecture ONCE ONLY. While listening, take notes on the important points. Your notes will not be marked, but you will need them to complete a gap-filling task after the mini-lecture. When the lecture is over, you will be given two minutes to check your notes, and another ten minutes to complete the gap-filling task on ANSWER SHEET ONE. Use the blank sheet for note-taking.
I. Vocal Paralinguistic Features
1. whispering- the needs for secrecy
2. breathiness- deep emotion
3. huskiness- unimportants
4. nasality- anxiety
5. extra lip-rounding- greater intimacy
II. physical paralinguistic features
1. facial expression- powerful conveyer of meaning.
--e.g.1 smiling: pleasure or welcome
--e.g.2 raising eye-brows: surprised or interested in something
--e.g.3 biting your lip: deep in thinking/ uncertain about something
--e.g.4 compressing the lips: making decisions
--e.g.5 clenching of the teeth: angry
2. gesture- culture bound
--e.g.1 shrugging shoulders: 'I don't care', or 'I don't know'
--e.g.2 crossing your arms: relaxation/ bored
--e.g.3 waving: welcome and farewell
--e.g.4 scratching your head: at a loss
--e.g.5 placing your hand upon your heart: telling the truth
--e.g.6 pointing your finger at your nose: it's a secret
3. proximity, posture and echoing
1). proximity: personal style & culture bound
--e.g.1 closeness: intimacy, threat
--e.g.2 distance: fomality, lack of interest
2). posture: the way in which someone holds his or her body
--e.g.1 Hunched shoulders and a hanging head: happy or not
--e.g.2 A lowered head, eye contact: the appropriate relationship
--e.g.3 direct level eye contact: open or challenging
3). echoing: to complement the verbal communication
In this section you will hear everything ONCE ONLY. Listen carefully and then answer the questions that follow. Mark the correct answer to each question on ANSWER SHEET TWO.
Questions 1 to 5 are based on an interview. At the end of the interview you will be given 10 seconds to answer each of the following five questions.
Now listen to the interview.
1. According to Dr Johnson, diversity means
A. merging of different cultural identities.
B. more emphasis on homogeneity.
C. embracing of more ethnic differences.
D. acceptance of more branches of Christianity.
2. According to the interview, which of the following statements in CORRECT?
A. Some places are more diverse than others.
B. Towns are less diverse than large cities.
C. Diversity can be seen everywhere.
D. American is a truly diverse country.
3. According to Dr Johnson, which place will witness a radical change in its racial makeup by 2025?
4.During the interview Dr Johnson indicates that
A. greater racial diversity exists among younger populations.
B. both older and younger populations are racially diverse.
C. age diversity could lead to pension problems.
D. older populations are more racially diverse.
5.According to the interview, religious diversity
A. was most evident between 1990 and 2000.
B. exists among Muslim immigrants.
C. is restricted to certain places in the US.
D. is spreading to more parts of the country.
SECTION CNEWS BROADCAST
In this section you will hear everything ONCE ONLY. Listen carefully and then answer the questions that follow. Mark the correct answer to each question on your coloured answer sheet.
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