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考研英语阅读理解真题精析2001年Part 5

重点单词

1. lateral(侧面的,旁边的)可看作later+al,later即单词“后来”,-al词后缀,“后来者只能靠边站”→旁边的。在文中此词用引申义,各参考书观点不尽相同,请自甄别。

2. curiously (好奇地;奇怪地)←curious+ly;curious(好奇的;奇怪的)即curi+ous,curi关心=care(因为元音可替换),-ous形容词后缀“有……性质的”,故“对某事非常关心的”→好奇的。It is a curious fact that in bad days we can very vividly recall the good time that is now no more; but that in good days we have only a very cold and imperfect memory of the bad.一个奇怪的事实是,在失意的日子里,我们能够生动地想起不复存在的美好时光;而在得意的时候,对苦难的日子却只留有非常淡漠而残缺的记忆。

3. downshifting ←down+shift+ing,原义指汽车调档减速,文中指“放慢生活节奏”。

4. passionate (充满热情的)即passion+ate,passion(激情;暴怒),-ate此作形容词后缀。A poet is, before anything else, a person who is passionately in love with language.一个诗人首先是个热爱语言的人。Death is the only pure, beautiful conclusion of a great passion.死是伟大激情的唯一纯洁与美丽的终结。Three passions, simple but overwhelmingly strong, have governed my life: the longing for love, the search for knowledge and the unbearable pity for the suffering of mankind.有三种情感,虽朴实却无可抗拒地主宰着我的生命:对爱的渴望,对知识的探求,以及对人类所受苦难的怜悯。

5. preach (v.鼓吹;布道)可看作pr(e)+each,pre-前缀“在前”,each每个,“牧师走到每个人面前”→布道。

6. resignation(辞职;顺从)←resign+ation名词后缀;resign(v.辞职;顺从)←re+sign,re-前缀=away或=again,sign签署,故“签署后离开”→辞职,“再次签署”→顺从。What is called resignation is confirmed desperation.所谓顺从就是确定了的绝望。

7. editorship(编辑职务,编辑工作)←editor+ship,editor(编辑者),-ship抽象名词后缀表“性质、职位、资格等”,如:friendship、leadership、membership等。

8. doctrine (教义;学说)←doctr+ine,doctr=doctor(元音可增减),-ine名词后缀表“物”,故“教授拿来讲授的东西”→教义。The wisest man preaches no doctrines; he has no scheme.最大的智者不鼓吹任何学说,没有任何体系。

9. juggle (n.v.杂耍) “拿扑克牌玩杂耍(juggle),引得大家咯咯(guggle)笑”,文中juggle引申为“忙忙碌碌”。

10. deadline (最后期限)←dead+line。

11. Newsletter (时事通讯,简报)←news+letter。

12. cling-film(食品保鲜膜)←cling粘着+film薄膜。

13. equivalent (相等的,等价的;相等物,等价物)即equi+val+ent,equi相等(如:equal相等的),val价值(如:value价值),-ent后缀。In truth, politeness is artificial good humor, it covers the natural want of it, and ends by rendering habitual a substitute nearly equivalent to the real virtue.礼貌实际上是人为的好性情,它掩盖了它天生的不足,结果给惯于此道者提供了与真正美德几乎相当的代用品。

14. drop out 退隐,逃避现实。

15. redundancy (冗余)即red+und+ancy,red-(=re-),und词根“多”,-ancy名词后缀,“越来越(re)多”→冗余。同根词:abundant(丰富的)←ab加强前缀+und多+ant形容词后缀。

16. thrift (节俭;繁荣)可记:“节俭”导致“繁荣”;thrifty(节俭的;繁荣的)←thrift+y形容词后缀。thrift→thrive(v.繁荣),类似变化的单词有theft(n.偷)→thieve(v.偷)。It is thrifty to prepare today for the wants of tomorrow.节俭就是今天为明天的需要作准备。

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