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GRE改革下填空题目的变化

美国教育考试服务中心(ETS)宣布将在2011年8月推出经过改革后的新GRE常规测试。新GRE常规测试是ETS在美国研究生院为代表的教育界的指导下,经多年研究而完成的,是GRE实施60年来最重要的一次变革,不是之一。于是,本着对同学们负责的态度,武汉听力英语网国外考试部将推出系列专题文章针对新GRE进行剖析以便使同学们获得更好的分数。本文将对GRE考试语文部分中的填空题从题目类型、考试难度两个维度做一个彻底的分析和对比,以帮助同学们看清新GRE考试中填空题的变化和特点。

传统GRE考试(一下简称老GRE)的填空题形式比较单一。即:一段话中设置1或2个空格,根据已有文字的提示完成空格。而新GRE考试的填空题出现了多样化的特点,同时难度有所上升。考试题型基本可以分为三种:

一、五选一

题干由1-2句话构成,中间设置一个空格,给出5个备选选项:

例如:From the outset, the concept of freedom of the seas from the proprietary claims of nations was challenged by a contrary notion - that of the _______ of the oceans for reasons of national security and profit.

promotion

exploration

surveying

conservation

appropriation

Answer appropriation

句子来自92国内题目。但是选项不同。原来的选项是:

A promotion

B exploration

C surviving

D conservation

E enclosure

题目分析:

这句话主干是:the concept … was challenged by a contrary notion;即:the concept与 notion相反。由of引出的the concept的具体内容:freedom of the seas from the proprietary claims of nations,海洋独立于国家所有权。则notion 应该说:海洋应该隶属国家所有权。所以答案就是appropriation。

题型评价:这种题目与之前的老GRE考试单空填空题几乎没有任何区别,所以考生应该可以轻松应对。题型:老;难度:一般

二、 三选一

题干由1-5句话构成,中间设置两个或三个空格,给出3个备选选项:

例1:It is refreshing to read a book about our planet by an author who does not allow facts to be (1)__________ by politics well aware of the political disputes about the effects of human activities on climate and biodiversity, this author does not permit them to (2)__________ his comprehensive description of what we know about our biosphere. He emphasizes the enormous gaps in our knowledge, the sparseness of our observations, and the (3)__________, calling attention to the many aspects of planetary evolution that must be better understood before we can accurately diagnose the condition of our planet.

Blank (1) Blank (2) Blank (3)

overshadowed enhance plausibility of our hypotheses

invalidated obscure certainty of our entitlement

illuminated underscore superficiality of our theories

Answer overshadowed, obscure, and superficiality of our theories

题目分析:

第一空线索:读某本书能带来refreshing效果,则表明这本书作者写作的效果就是有让我们refreshing的效果或者预期。所以,他does not allow facts to be (1)__________ by politics不会让政治politics对这本书作什么作用呢?当然是不会让政治使其破坏这本书refreshing的特点。则,第一空从正负就可以将illuminated排除。具体选择overshadowed invalidated还要参看第二空。第二空线索:第二空线索说作者不允许them怎样。往前寻找them指代,很容易发现:them就是politics。这样一来,马上可以看到这样的重复:an author who does not allow facts to be (1)__________ by politics= this author does not permit them to (2)__________都是说作者不允许政治对书做怎样的动作。则两空是同义重复。又由于第一空推出动作是负面的。故两空都是负面的。则第二空是obscure, 而第一空也就只能是overshadow。第三空线索:实际上是三个并列重复,同时和一个分词构成手段和目的重复。He emphasizes the enormous gaps in our knowledge, the sparseness of our observations, and the (3)__________, calling attention to the many aspects of planetary evolution that must be better understood即:the enormous gaps in our knowledge =the sparseness of our observations =(and) the (3)__________ =calling attention to the many aspects of planetary evolution that must be better understood可以推断空格应该填写一个负面评价。

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