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1997年10月GRE填空题section 6详解

1.【中文释义】假如该理论正如它的支持者所声称的是不证自明地正确,那么,为什么在受过良好教育的人们当中仍存在着对它的反对意见呢?

【解题分析】上下句转折,上句称理论是self-evidently true,故下句会反对它,认为它是false 而非true ,故选e 。

【重点词条】resignation 1 a: an act or instance of resigning something: surrender b: a formal notification of resigning 2: the quality or state of being resigned: submissiveness

regret 1 a: to mourn the loss or death of b: to miss very much 2: to be very sorry for <~s his mistakes> ~ vi: to experience regret —— re.gret.ter n 2regret n (1590) 1: sorrow aroused by circumstances beyond one's control or power to repair 2 a: an expression of distressing emotion (as sorrow or disappointment) b pl: a note politely declining an invitation syn see sorrow —— re.gret.ful adj —— re.gret.ful.ness n

2.【中文释义】尽管麻疹的发病率已经下降了 ,但研究者担心,消除这种疾病 过去认为很快就能实现 可能并不会马上到来。

【解题分析】上下句转折,下句主干意为消除麻风不会很快实现,是一种不好的情况,上句该讲好的情况,只有b正确。

【重点词条】decline 1 archaic: to turn from a straight course: stray 2 a: to slope downward: descend b: to bend down: droop c: to stoop to what is unworthy 3 a of a celestial body: to sink toward setting b: to draw toward a close: wane 4: to tend toward an inferior state or weaker condition 5: to withhold consent 6: to become less in amount ~ vt 1: to give in prescribed order the grammatical forms of (a noun, pronoun, or adjective) 2 obs a: avert b: avoid 3: to cause to bend or bow downward 4 a: to refuse to undertake, undergo, engage in, or comply with b: to refuse esp. courteously <~ an invitation> —— de.clin.able adj —— de.clin.er n

resume 1: to assume or take again: reoccupy 2: to return to or begin again after interruption 3: to take back to oneself 4: to pick up again 5: reiterate, summarize ~ vi: to begin again something interrupted re.su.me n [F resume, fr. pp. of resumer to resume, summarize, fr. MF resumer] (1804) 1: summary 2: curriculum vitae

3.【中文释义】没有什么能比他毫无必要的拖延运送他几个星期前就承诺的货物这件事更好地体现他的不负责任。

【解题分析】nothing——better than 为最高级结构,better than 前后并不是对比,而是相同. 后部分为耽误了寄送,所以前半部分应表现出不负责任,可选b,c,d, 再在看b,c,d的第二格选项,只有c是正确的 。

【重点词条】conscientious 1: governed by or conforming to the dictates of conscience: scrupulous 2: meticulous, careful syn see upright —— con.sci.en.tious.ly adv —— con.sci.en.tious.ness n

inexplicable inexplicabilis, fr. in- + explicabilis explicable] (15c): incapable of being explained, interpreted, or accounted for —— in.ex.pli.ca.bil.i.ty n —— in.ex.pli.ca.ble.ness n —— in.ex.pli.ca.bly adv

justify 1 a: to prove or show to be just, right, or reasonable b (1): to show to have had a sufficient legal reason (2): to qualify (oneself) as a surety by taking oath to the ownership of sufficient property 2 a archaic: to administer justice to b archaic: absolve c: to judge, regard, or treat as righteous and worthy of salvation 3 a: to space (as lines of text) so that the lines come out even at the margin b: to make even by justifying ~ vi 1 a: to show a sufficient lawful reason for an act done b: to qualify as bail or surety 2: to justify lines of text syn see maintain —— jus.ti.fi.er n

xonspicuous

timely 1 archaic: early, soon 2: in time: opportunely 2timely adj time.li.er ; -est (13c) 1: coming early or at the right time: opportune 2: appropriate or adapted to the times or the occasion —— time.li.ness n

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