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1997年4月GRE填空题section 1详解

1. 【中文释义】

当她拒绝为这个项目做一个有益的演讲时,我们第一次清楚地认识到她对这个新项目的支持并不是全心全意的。

【解题分析】 less than表否定,anything more than表“不仅仅是”,nothing more than 和little more than 表“只不过是”。

【重点词条】 fleeting : passing swiftly: transitory syn see transient —— fleet.ing.ly adv —— fleet.ing.ness n

qualified 1 a: fitted (as by training or experience) for a given purpose: competent b: having complied with the specific requirements or precedent conditions (as for an office or employment): eligible 2: limited or modified in some way <~ approval> —— qual.i.fied.ly adv

2. 【中文释义】当一个人突然失去知觉时,旁观者并不需要诊断问题,而应试图去消减该问题的后果 如果致命的生理功能停止了的话,应激活它们。

【解题分析】by前后进行推理,starting vital function和its effect(lose consciousness)是相反方向的事件,a: precipitate反而是促进,b,c,e都没有表现出相反的概念。答案d.

【重点词条】counter 1 a: contrary: opposite b: opposing: retaliatory 2: complementary: corresponding 3: duplicate: substitute

1 a: to act in opposition to: oppose b: offset, nullify 2: to adduce in answer ~ vi: to meet attacks or arguments with defensive or retaliatory steps

magnify 1 a: extol, laud b: to cause to be held in greater esteem or respect 2 a: to increase in significance: intensify b: exaggerate 3: to enlarge in fact or in appearance ~ vi: to have the power of causing objects to appear larger than they are

3.【中文释义】这些话只是少许幽默, 可能会引发轻轻一笑,但绝对不会是大笑。

【解题分析】inviting a chuck 为分隔,可推断c,e, 再由第二空得e.

【重点词条】invite 1 a: to offer an incentive or inducement to: entice b: to increase the likelihood of 2 a: to request the presence or participation of b: to request formally c: to urge politely: welcome —— in.vit.er n 2in.vite n (1659): invitation

chuckle 1: to laugh inwardly or quietly 2: to make a continuous gentle sound resembling suppressed mirth —— chuckle n —— chuck.le.some adj —— chuck.ling.ly adv

rebuke 1 a: to criticize sharply: reprimand b: to serve as a rebuke to 2: to turn back or keep down: check syn see reprove —— re.buk.er n 2rebuke n (15c): an expression of strong disapproval: reprimand

guffaw a loud or boisterous burst of laughter —— guf.faw vi

4.【中文释义】大门关闭了过去的岁月,而我们曾赖以生存的价值观也会很快变得如此陈旧,以至于我们将会被新时代的人看成象来自于外星球的旅行者一样古怪。

【解题分析】so……that结构为同褒同贬的因果结构,与obsolete同褒贬的只有e.

【重点词条】quaint 1 obs: expert, skilled 2 a: marked by skillful design <~ with many a device in India ink ——Herman Melville> b: marked by beauty or elegance 3 a: unusual or different in character or appearance: odd b: pleasingly or strikingly old-fashioned or unfamiliar syn see strange —— quaint.ly adv —— quaint.ness n

comfortable syn comfortable, cozy, snug, easy, restful mean enjoying or providing a position of contentment and security. comfortable applies to anything that encourages serenity, well-being, or complacency as well as physical ease . cozy suggests warmth, shelter, assured ease, and friendliness . snug suggests having just enough space for comfort and safety but no more . easy implies relief from or absence of anything likely to cause physical or mental discomfort or constraint . restful applies to whatever induces or contributes to rest or relaxation .

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