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1996年10月GRE填空题section 4

1. 【中文释义】

尽管销售自从去年开始一直持续增长,使人遗憾的是,增长速度放慢了。

【重点词条】

capitulate 1 archaic parley, negotiate 2 a to surrender often after negotiation of terms b to cease resisting acquiesce syn see yield

retaliate to repay (as an injury) in kind ~ vi to return like for like; esp to get revenge. retaliate usu. implies a paying back of injury in exact kind, often vengefully reciprocate implies a mutual or equivalent exchange or a paying back of what one has received .

2. 【中文释义】

尽管创作有新意并且独特的诗和戏剧的思维与创建和解释科学发明的思维毫无疑问地类似,但是这他们的创造者之间却有显著的差异。

【解题分析】

很巧妙的比较结构,请注意短语a discernible difference between它表明的是差级比较,而上半句有是同样的比较双方,根据两套比较结构的出题规律:比较双方不变,比较结果一定改变可以得出结论,上半句的比较结果应为没有difference, d的analogous吻合。ETS越来越倾向于用隐含的比较结构(beyond, different, compared with)和同级比较(to the same degree, as……as, similar to, analogous)来出题, 请记住这几个短语。参照:94年2月section2 7th , 94年4月section1 5th, 95年10月 section6 2nd.

【重点词条】

peripheral 1 of, relating to, involving, or forming a periphery or surface part 2 of, relating to, or being part of the peripheral nervous system ~ nerves 3 of, relating to, or being the outer part of the field of vision 4 auxiliary, supplementary ~ equipment; also of or relating to computer peripherals —— pe.riph.er.al.ly adv 2peripheral n (1966) a device connected to a computer to provide communication (as input and output) or auxiliary functions (as additional storage)

contiguous 1 being in actual contact touching along a boundary or at a point 2 of angles adjacent 2 3 next or near in time or sequence 4 touching or connected throughout in an unbroken sequence ~ row houses syn see adjacent —— con.tig.u.ous.ly adv —— con.tig.u.ous.ness n

analogous 1 showing an analogy or a likeness that permits one to draw an analogy 2 being or related to as an analogue syn see similar —— anal.o.gous.ly adv —— anal.o.gous.ness n

inconsistent a not compatible with another fact or claim ~ statements b containing incompatible elements c incoherent or illogical in thought or actions changeable d not satisfiable by the same set of values for the unknowns ~ equations ~ inequalities —— in.con.sis.tent.ly adv

3. 【中文释义】

令人失望的是,这个最新版的文献目录辜负了它长期的大全的声誉,因为它遗漏了一些有关最新出版物的条目。

【解题分析】

又是一道现在的动作证明了过去的某声誉为假的老题,类似的题目出现在科学家身上(No.8 section3 3rd), 出现在文学评论家身上(93年10月section5 7th), 现在又到了文献目录学身上。我很同情ETS, 他已经很难玩出什么新花样了。本题中第二空格是伤害过去声誉的动作,a和e侯选,又需要时间对比前后反义词,e正确。

【重点词条】

imprecise not precise inexact, vague —— im.pre.cise.ly adv —— im.pre.cise.ness n —— im.pre.ci.sion n

relevance 1 a relation to the matter at hand b practical and esp. social applicability pertinence 2 the ability (as of an information retrieval system) to retrieve material that satisfies the needs of the user

timeliness 1time.ly adv (bef. 12c) 1 archaic early, soon 2 in time opportunely 2timely adj time.li.er ; -est (13c) 1 coming early or at the right time opportune 2 appropriate or adapted to the times or the occasion —— time.li.ness n

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