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阅读理解题型及解题技巧 2.理解中心思想

理解中心思想(Reading for the Main Idea):

这类测试题在阅读理解测试中所占比例较大,常见的测试题有:

The Main idea of the passage is____.

The conclusion we can get from the story is____.

Which of the following is the best title to be given to the article?

The main purpose of the story is to tell us____.

等等。

阅读时,我们不可忽视短文中开头和结尾的段落或句子的含义。因为它们往往是文章中心的概括和总结。对于没有明显主题句的文章段落要根据文段中所陈述的事实或提供的线索来概括总结,从而判断出试题所指的四个归纳中哪个是最佳选择。

例1:

Animal trainers praise and reward their animals when they do their tricks well.They do not like to strike the animals when they make mistakes.The believe thatthe best way to train animals is by kindness.

The main idea of the paragraph is____.

A.Animal trainers often praise their animals

B.Animal trainers often reward their animals

C.Animal trainers seldom strike the animals

D.Animal trainers are sure that kindness is the best way to train animals

四个选项中,A、B、C均为Animal trainers在训练动物时具体的所做所为,而以上所为的信念是什么呢?请看段落的最后一句:他们坚信最好的训练方法是善待动物。因此我们不难看出本段落的最后一句是本段落的topicsentence,主题句,同时也是中心思想。因此D为正确答案。

例2:

Arli has known how to type for several years.Still he types rather slowly,andhe can only spell out words of four letters or less.But Arli is doing quite well for a627 dog…

The main purpose of the story is to tell us that Arli is____.

A.a very bad typist

B.a very good typist

C.slow and not clever

D.unusually clever

正确答案是D,段落起始对于Arli打字的情况做了描述,它学打字已sev-eral years,它打字的速度rather slowly并仅能拼写4个字母或少于4个字母的单词,然而段落的最后一句以表示转折口气的连词but开头,则使结论转为“作为狗,它干得就相当不错了”。由此可见,狗打字非属一般,决不是我们人类中的打字员能以好、坏来评价的。何况尽管慢,Arli还能打出简单的单词,当然显示了它不同寻常的聪明。

在没有主题句、主题段落的情况下,比如故事类文体的短文中,中心思想的归纳要根据所述事实理解地去概括。

例3:

A young man from a village called Nawalapitiya married a young woman fromMaliyuwa,a nearby village.They lived with the man's big family--his parents,hisbrothers,their wives and childern.The family kept an elephant,in which theyoung woman soon took a grat interest.Every day she fed it with fruit and sugar. wwW.tiNGlikU.Com

Three months later the woman went back to her parent's home,having quar-relled with his husband.Soon the elephant refused to eat and work.It appeared tobe ill and heart—broken.One morning after several weeks the animal disppearedfrom the house.

It went to the woman's home.On seeing her,the elephant waved its trunkand touched her with it.The young woman was so moved(感动)by the act of theanimal that she returned to her husband's home.

The writer wrote the story in order to____.

A.show that elephants are very clever

B.tell how a woman trained a wild animal

C.show that woman care for animals than man do

D.tell how an animal reunited a husband and wife

此题的正确答案主要集中在A、D两个选项的定夺上。究竟哪个选项是正确的,我们看看故事。第一段,众多家庭成员中只有这位年轻妇女对大象格外关心、爱护。第二段,女主人回娘家后,大象由于依恋女主人而拒绝吃、拒绝干活。第三段,大象找到女主人,由于感动女主人回到了丈夫的家中。故事向我们讲述的是大象由于在驯养过程中与女主人建立了深厚感情,从而在客观上起到了和解这一夫妇关系的作用。因此D是正确选择。因为这一选项将故事中几方面的人物都概括了进去。如果选择A,故事的笔墨就都放在大象的身上了。

上一篇:阅读理解题型及解题技巧 1.猜测词义 下一篇:阅读理解题型及解题技巧 3.文章细节理解
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