Tang and Song Societies helped Buddhist temples and shrines in Hang Zhou to establish or develop. They took some similar actions. Because of some same urban environment factors and historical changes, Buddhist temples and shrines in Hang Zhou established or developed. In Tang and Song Dynasties, the emperors, royal family members, azonic officials and dignitaries were more enthusiastic in the establishment and development of Buddhist temples than in those of the shrines in Hang Zhou; however, in general, the local government was contrary to them. In the Tang and Song Dynasties, the emperors, royal family members and azonic officials played a greater role in the establishment and development of Buddhist temples than in that of the shrines in Hang Zhou, however, the local officials did a greater role in the case of shrines.
In the Tang and Song dynasties, the complex phenomenon and characteristics in all aspects of the establishment and development of Buddhist temples and shrines in Hang Zhou, can all be attributed to the imperial power, hierarchy, obligation of the local officials, utilitarian features of the folk’s belief and Buddhism, the urban environment in Hang Zhou, as well as the historical changes of Tang and Song dynasties. The urban environment in Hang Zhou mainly included these the greatly harmful tidewater disaster of the Qian Tang River, which local officials couldn’t control efficiently; the West Lake in Hang Zhou became an important water source of irrigation and drinking; in the Southern Song Dynasty, there were many interest demands and conflicts between the ruling class and the ruled class, as well as among the ruling class. And the historical changes of the Tang and Song dynasties in Hang Zhou mainly included these the development of social economy; the urban development and the changes of urban types; the changes of the population factor; the adjustments of the religious policy; the secularization and popularization of Buddhism; wars in the transition of the Northern and Southern Song dynasties and the southward migration of the Song Court; the changes in the political and military situation and the increasing crisis of governance. All of these showed that, in the Tang and Song dynasties, the establishment and development of Buddhist temples and shrines in Hang Zhou were closely related to those social factors the city, politics, economy, population, religion, the folk’s beliefs and so on.