In the Tang Dynasty, the main creators of Buddhist temples were monks，and the government officials and the common people only were only minimal. The establishment of Buddhist temples largely depended on the local society. During the period of the Wu Yue kingdom, the major power of establishing Buddhist temples shifted from monks to the state and monks. The number of Buddhist temples established by officials and common people was increasing sharply. The kings and the royal families of the Wu Yue kingdom were the newly added founders, and they also supported the development of Buddhist temples. Compared with the Five Dynasties, the effects of the Northern Song Dynasty monks and officials have been enhanced, the common people also played an important role.
When it came to the Southern Song Dynasty, emperors and royal family members gave aid to the establishment of Buddhist temples in Hang Zhou, especially those that had connection with royal families. But others could only obtain a little support. Dignitaries and officials were the main founders of Hang Zhou Buddhist temples and they also promoted the development of them. There were obvious differences between dignitaries and officials in the aspects of establishment and development of Buddhist temples. Compared with the Northern Song Dynasty, the background, the position and the deed of dignitaries and officials were much more complex. The ways and effects monks promoted the establishment and development of Buddhist temples in the Southern Song Dynasty were various according to different characteristics which presented by diverse types of Buddhist temples. The common people in the Southern Song Dynasty founded a few Buddhist temples and gave financial support to maintain and develop some of them. They not only donated to the founding, but also got involved to the progress of establishment and development.
In Hang Zhou, both the founders and the development promoters of shrines were the local government officials in the Tang Dynasty, and these related gods were primarily in charge of the rivers and lakes that were very important for the economic development and the livelihood of people. In the period of the Wu Yue kingdom, the kings replaced the local officials in Tang Dynasty as the founders and development promoters of the new shrines in Hang Zhou. Compared with the period of the Five dynasties, the effects both the officials and the public in the Northern Song Dynasty had on the establishment and development of the shrines were strengthened, and though the Northern Song Court transferred the dominance of establishment and development of Buddhist temples and shrines to the local government in Hang Zhou, it was still impossible for the local government to make a thorough break with the support of the court and emperors.
In the Southern Song Dynasty, emperors and royal family members didn’t provide much support for the establishment and development of shrines in Hang Zhou, because they didn’t rely much on the shrines; officials and dignitaries played a more important role in the establishment and development of shrines in Hang Zhou, but sometimes there were some limitations. The intentions and backgrounds of the local officials were obviously different from other officials and dignitaries. Overall, the public played a very important role in the establishment and development of shrines in Hang Zhou, but sometimes it was quite difficult or chanceless for them to play the role; meanwhile, monks also established Wai Jun Xing Ci, but primarily out of the consideration of the economic interests.