The Establishment, Maintenance and Development of the Temples
Part One is on how the Tang and Song officials promoted the maintenance and development of shrines in Hangzhou. The Tang and Song officials applied to the government for gift money, donation or changed the type the monastic closures. They provided financial, material and cultural support to the temple shrines, presided over the restoration and rebuilding of temples, monasteries and shrines. There are five characteristics. First, the results are better. Second, there are differences between local officials and central government officials. Third, there are differences between ordinary official and special officials. Fourth, there are differences between the temple shrines. Fifth, it is influenced by the urban environment of the city of Hangzhou.
Part Two is on the Tang and Song officials and memorial temples in Hangzhou City. This chapter examines the impact of the Tang and Song officials on the memorial temples in Hangzhou City, which include the direct presiding the creation and maintenance of monumental shrines, their inclusion in Temple altars, the enlightenment function, the preservation function of historical memory and other special functions of the Tang and Song Officials commemorative shrines. This section draws the following conclusions. First, the Tang and Song Officials commemorative shrines in Hangzhou City occupy an important position in the commemorative shrines system, and had a greater impact on later generations. Second, there are many factors that impact the creation, maintenance and development of the Tang and Song Officials commemorative shrines. Third, the choice of God in the Tang and Song Officials commemorative shrines shows a bias. Fourth, influenced by the population and the cultural heterogeneity of the Hangzhou City, the identity of the creators and rehabilitators of the Tang and Song Officials commemorative shrines is diversified, and so is the identity of the altar gods.
Part Three is the conclusion. Based on the first five chapters, this chapter summarizes the main points. This chapter argues that First, the Tang and Song officials, either by direct participation or by becoming cultural resources, had a profound effect on the establishment, maintenance and development of the ancient temples in Hangzhou. This effect is reflected in many aspects, but it can not be ignored that external factors have affected the play of this effect. Second, there are six characteristics in the process of the officials’ influence on the establishment, maintenance and development of temples in the ancient city of Hangzhou. Third, the urban environment of the ancient city of Hangzhou is the background for officials’ influence on the establishment, maintenance and development of temples. Finally, the chapter provides some ideas for further research.