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Adolf Hitler 阿道夫·希特勒

Before World War II,Hitler was born on April 20, 1889, at Braunau, Austria. Young Hitler received poor grades in school and left at 16 without graduating. During World War I he served four years in the German Army as a dispatch runner. He was twice wounded and twice decorated for bravery with the Iron cross.

Like many other Germans, Hitler could not accept Germany's military defeat in 1918. He decided to go into politics. In 1919, he joined a small political group, the German Workers' Party, and soon became the Party's president. He changed the name of the party to the “National Socialist German Workers' Party”. ( The term Nazi is an abbreviation of the first part of the German name for the party – Nationalsozialistische).

In 1923 Hitler organized a putsch, or revolt, against the German government. The putsch failed. Hitler was captured and found guilty of treason. The sympathetic court gave him the minimum sentence of five years, and he was released before serving a year. While in prison, Hitler began Mein Kampf (My Struggle), an autobiography in which he expressed his hatred for the Jews, his worship of power and his plans to conquer the world. He proclaimed the Germans the “master race” and said that they would create an empire in eastern Europe, ruling over the “inferior” Slavs.

The Nazis remained a small party until 1930, when the world depression struck Germany. In the 1930 elections Nazi representation the Reichstag ( the lower house of parliament) soared from 12 to 107.

With the support of military officers and industrialists, the Nazis became Germany's largest party in 1932 and on January 30, 1933, Hitler became Chancellor (Prime Minister) of a coalition government.

When the Reichstag building was burned down on the night of February 27, 1933, the Nazis blamed the fire on the communists, and had them expelled from the Reichstag. The Reichstag then passed a law giving Hitler virtually absolute emergency powers. With these powers Hitler forced the non-

Nazi members of the coalition out of the government, banned all political parties, suppressed the trade unions, and abolished freedom of speech and freedom of the press. He also launched a violent and brutal crusade against the Jews. wwW.tiNGlikU.Com

On the death of President Hindenburg in 1934, Hitler combined the offices of Chancellor and President and took the title of Fuhrer (leader). As successor to Hindenburg, he also became Commander in Chief of the Armed Forces. He proclaimed his regime as the “New Order” and German state as the “Third Reich”(empire).

Between 1933 and 1935, Hitler began secretly to rearm Germany in violation of the Versailles

Treaty. In 1936, German troops reoccupied the demilitarized Rhineland zone, and in 1938, Hitler annexed Austria to Germany. In the same year, representatives of other European nations yielded to Hitler's threats at Munich, enabling Hitler to take over much of Czechoslovakia. On August 24,1939, the German-Soviet Pact was signed, enabling Hitler to invade Poland without opposition from the Soviet Union. The invasion took place on September 1, 1939 and the Second World War in Europe started.

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