Part II Reading Comprehension (35 minutes)
Directions There are 4 reading passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A., B., C. and D. You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.
Questions 21 to 25 are based on the following passage
How often do you sit still and do absolutely nothing The usual answer these days is never, or hardly ever. As the pace of life continues to increase, we are fast losing the art of relaxation. Once you are in the habit of rushing through life, being on the go from morning till night, it is hard to slow down and unwind. But relaxation is essential for a healthy mind and body.
Stress is a natural part of everyday life. There is no way to avoid it, since it takes many and varied forms―driving in traffic, problems with personal relationships are all different forms of stress. Stress, in fact, is not as bad as it is often reputed to be. A certain amount of stress is vital to provide motivation and give purpose to life. It is only when the stress gets out of control that it can lead to level performance and ill health.
The amount of stress a person can withstand depends very much on the individual. Some people thrive on stress, and such characters are obviously prime material for managerial responsibilities. Others crumple at the sight of unusual difficulties.
When exposed to stress, in whatever form, we react both chemically and physically. In fact we invoke the fight mechanism which in more primitive days made the difference between life or death. The crises we meet today are unlikely to be so extreme, but however minimal the stress, it involves the same response. All the energy is diverted to cope with the stress, with the result that other function, such as digestion, are neglected.
It is when such a reaction is prolonged, through continued exposure to stress, that health becomes endangered. Such serious conditions as high blood pressure, coronary heart disease all have established links with stress. The way stress affects a person also varies with the individual. Stress in some people produces stomach disorders, while others succumb to tension headaches. Since we cannot remove stress from our lives, we need to find ways to cope with it.
21. What is the main idea of the talk
A. Both relaxation and stress are necessary for people to live a healthy and fulfilling life.
B. People often suffer unpleasant effects of stress without knowing why.
C. People need stress to stimulate them in work.
D. Continued stress may be harmful to peoples health.
22. What does the word “thrive” in the third paragraph mean
A. succeedB. writheC. dependD. deal
23. The reason that many people find it hard to relax these days is that.
A. they are suffering from the effects of excessive stress
B. they are working harder than they used to
C. they are often too busy to find the time
D. they have no idea what relaxation means to them
24. The pronoun“ it” in the last but one paragraph refers to .
A. crisisB. stressC. reactionD. ill health
25. Which of the following would the author most probably disagree
A. It is very hard for a person rushing through life to slow down and relax.
B. Stress as well as relaxation is essential for a healthy mind and body.
C. Only the strong?willed people can cope with stress successfully.
D. Stress that is considered unmanageable for some may be a stimulant for other people.
Questions 26 to 30 are based on the following passage
Industry uses water for many different purposes. The uses are commonly divided into four categories cooling water, process water, boiler feedwater, and sanitary and service water. Cooling water is water used only for cooling without coming into contact with the product of material being processed. Process water is water that comes into contact with material being processed. Boiler feedwater is water converted to steam. Sanitary and service water is that supplied for the personal use of the employees, for cleaning plants and equipment, and for the operation of valves and other apparatus.
About 90 percent of the water withdrawn by industry is used for cooling. Fuel?electric power plants use more cooling water than all other kinds of plants combined. One might suppose that the greatest amount of water used in the fuel?electric power production is used for boiler feedwater, but such use is dwarfed by the water needed for cooling condensers. Cooling water is also used to condense many products of oil refineries and chemical plants and to protect industrial equipment from excessive heat.
Most manufacturing plants use process water at some point in the course of their operation. In some plants the material being processed is in contact with water at almost every step in its conversion to the finished product. Water also serves as a solvent for chemicals in many chemical processes; and the food industry uses large quantities of water for cleaning, cooking, and canning vegetables and meats.
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