设为首页 | 加入收藏 | 会员中心
微信公众号: 扫描二维码,点击看大图
tingliku
关注微信:
关注微博:
您的位置:听力库英语网 > 英语四级 > 英语四级真题

2015年12月英语四级真题

Part Ⅰ Writing (30 minutes)

注意:此部分试题在答题卡1上。

Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay on the topic of Creating a Green Campus. You should write at least 120 words following the outline given below:

1. 建设绿色校园很重要

2. 绿色校园不仅指绿色的环境……

3. 为了建设绿色校园,我们应该……

Creating a Green Campus

Part Ⅱ Reading Comprehension (Skimming and Scanning) (15 minutes)

Directions: In this part, you will have 15 minutes to go over the passage quickly and answer the questions on Answer Sheet 1. For questions 1-7, choose the best answer from the four choices marked A), B), C) and D). For question 8-10, complete the sentences with the information given in the passage.

Colleges taking another look at value of merit-based aid

Good grades and high tests scores still matter—a lot—to many colleges as they award financial aid. But with low-income students projected to make up an ever-larger share of the college-bound population in coming years, some schools are re-examining whether that aid, typically known as “merit aid”, is the most effective use of precious institutional dollars.

George Washington University in Washington, D.C., for example, said last week that it would cut the value of its average merit scholarships by about one-third and reduce the number of recipients(接受者), pouring the savings, about $2.5 million, into need-based aid. Allegheny College in Meadville, Pa., made a similar decision three years ago.

Now, Hamilton College in Clinton, N.Y., says it will phase out merit scholarships altogether. No current merit-aid recipients will lose their scholarships, but need-based aid alone will be awarded beginning with students entering in fall 2008.

Not all colleges offer merit aid; generally, the more selective a school, the less likely it is to do so. Harvard and Princeton, for example, offer generous need-based packages, but many families who don't meet need eligibility(资格)have been willing to pay whatever they must for a big-name school.

For small regional colleges that struggle just to fill seats, merit aid can be an important revenue-builder because many recipients still pay enough tuition dollars over and above the scholarship amount to keep the institution running.

But for rankings-conscious schools in between, merit aid has served primarily as a tool to recruit top students and to improve their academic profits. “They're trying to buy students,” says Skidmore College economist Sandy Baum.

Studies show merit aid also tends to benefit disproportionately students who could afford to enroll without it. “As we look to the future, we see a more pressing need to invest in need-based aid,” says Monica Inzer, dean of admission and financial aid at Hamilton, which has offered merit scholarships for 10 years. During that time, it rose in US News & World Report's ranking of the best liberal arts colleges, from 25 to 17.

Merit aid, which benefited about 75 students a year, or about 4% of its student body, at a cost of about $ 1 million a year, “served us well,” Inzer says, but “to be discounting the price for families that don't need financial aid doesn't feel right any more.”

Need-based aid remains by far the largest share of all student aid, which includes state, federal and institutional grants. But merit aid, offered primarily by schools and states, is growing faster, both overall and at the institutional level. Between 1995-96 and 2003-04, institutional merit aid alone increased 212%, compared with 47% for need-based grants. At least 15 states also offer merit aid, typically in a bid to enroll top students in the state's public institutions.

But in recent years, a growing chorus(异口同声)of critics has begun pressuring schools to drop the practice. Recent decisions by Hamilton and others may be “a sign that people are starting to realize that there's this destructive competition going on,” says Baum, co-author of a recent College Report that raises concerns about the role of institutional aid not based on need.

上一篇:2015年12月英语四级考试参考答案 下一篇:2016年6月英语四级考试真题及答案
2015年12月英语四级真题 相关阅读
查看更多>>

英语四级真题

 发表评论  网友已发表 条评论,点击查看
用户名: 密码: 验证码:
匿名发表 还没注册?免费注册,领取礼物
栏目热门
  1. 2015年12月英语四级真题
  2. 2016年12月英语四级考试真题及答案
  3. 2014年12月大学英语四级真题及答案(A卷)
  4. 2006年6英语四级试题真题及答案 B卷
  5. 2011年6月英语四级试题真题及答案
  6. 2015年6月大学英语四级真题
  7. 1999年6月英语四级试题真题及答案
  8. 2009年6月英语四级试题真题及答案
  9. 2015年12月英语四级考试参考答案
  10. 2007年12月英语四级试题真题及答案
考试推荐
  • CET
  • TEM
  • BEC
  • 雅思
英语听力 英语口语
大学英语 考研
精华推荐
  • 听力
  • 口语
  • 美文
  • 翻译
轻松休闲
  • 视频
  • 歌曲
  • 小说
  • 文化